Republic of Rwanda Ministry Of Natural Resources

Laws, Policies and Programmes


National Land Policy

What is the National Land Policy?

For the first time in Rwanda s history there is a national policy on land. In it the Government of Rwanda sets out a vision and direction for land tenure, land use and land administration suitable to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

The objective of the Policy is to establish a land tenure system that guarantees tenure security for all Rwandans and guides land reform initiatives that will establish good management and the rational use of land. It is a document equally relevant to all Rwandans - to those with land and those without.

Organic Land Law

What is the Organic Land Law?

Gazetted in September 2005, the Organic Law determining the use and management of land in Rwanda, commonly known as the Organic Land Law, is a seminal piece of legislation. The Law sets the framework for a workable National Land Policy. The Law sets out the role of the State, the rights and duties of land owners, the categories of land and the institutions for land management.

National Land Tanure Reform Programme

What is Land Tenure Reform?

Land tenure reform refers to the improvement of land tenure security and the establishment of new, and reform of old, institutions governing access to and ownership of land. Land tenure reform addresses tenure security and land administration, and land use, management and planning.

What is the National Land Tenure Reform Programme?

The National Land Policy and the Organic Land Law articulate the Government of Rwanda s vision of land tenure reform. The National Land Tenure Reform Programme manages the process of land tenure reform, from its design, phasing, implementation, monitoring and eventual evaluation. The Programme was launched in 2005 to coincide with a technical assistance project supported by the UK Government's Department for International Development - DFID to design a strategic road map for the implementation of land tenure reform.

The Strategic Road Map for Land Tenure Reform will be launched in early 2008 following extensive consultation on its content and a period of testing to trial possible procedures and process to implement land tenure reform.

The Strategic Road Map will contain detailed information for civil servants and officials implementing land tenure reform, for development partners interested in supporting land reform efforts and information for land users and owners such as procedures on how to register land, how to contest a claim and how to change land use.


This Order defines the modalities for land registration, including the establishment of a Register of Land Titles, procedures for the registration of titles to land and other interests in land, transfers of title to land and other transactions related to land, and related matters.


Land sector has an overall objective of establishing a land tenure system that guarantees security to the whole population of Rwanda, capable of guiding the necessary land reforms with a view to sound and rational management of national land resources.

The following are the specific objectives:

to put in place mechanisms that guarantee land tenure security to land users without discrimination;


  • to promote rational use of land in Rwanda;
  • to establish a legal and institutional framework;
  • to build institutional capacity.

Strategies and expected results

To realise these objectives, the following strategies were identified:

A. Specific objective 1

To put in place mechanisms that guarantee land tenure security to land users without discrimination

To develop legal texts and regulations based on community consultations; 

To develop texts that govern the establishment and functioning of commissions; 

To look into the possibility of finding land for Rwandans dispossessed of their land due to political reasons; 

To establish a reformed cadastral system.

Expected results

Land tenure is guided by the rules of written law known by all

Land management commissions, both urban and rural, are established at national, provincial and district level

Land is made available to Rwandans disposed of their land due to political reasons 

A cadastral system is established at national and district level 

B. Specific objective 2

To promote rational use of land in Rwanda


To design efficient planning of the use of national land resources 

To establish a National Lands Centre

To involve women, youth and community organisations in land management and land use activities

Expected results

Rational use of land is guaranteed 

Establishment of a Lands Centre 

Active participation of organisational structures for youth, women and community organisations in land management

C. Specific objective 3

To establish a legal and institutional framework


To define stakeholders, their responsibilities, their powers, the policies that guide them and the laws that govern them.

Expected results

A legal and institutional framework is operational

D. Specific objective 4

To build institutional capacity


To train technicians involved in the lands field

Expected results

Capacity building for technicians responsible for land administration and land management.





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